highbush cranberry identification

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Viburnum opulus var. The Highbush cranberry as it is commonly called, is a large shrub that is native to much of the U.S. americanum) has tart, acidic fruit that is best served in jellies, jams, sauces and relishes. On highbush cranberries, the glands are rounded at the tip, while those of Guelder rose have bowl-shaped tips. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Highbush cranberry tolerates most soil types, frost, and drought. It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. Identification American highbush cranberry has light reddish brown coloring on young twigs that becomes scaly and gray over time. Its habitat generally includes slightly acidic bogs, swamps, peaty wetlands and, occasionally, poorly drained meadows. Highbush Cranberry Cranberry plants are grouped into two types -- highbush (Viburnum spp.) Highbush Cranberry de-befuddled Viburnum edule : the real deal Highbush Cranberries are one of the most confusing groups of edible plants in our region on account of poorly understood identifying characteristics and unimaginative common names. The two varieties can easily beHere are a. 221 0 obj <> endobj The white flowers occur throughout May and June and are of two types. 0000040701 00000 n It is found in most parts of North America and enjoys wet areas such as in thickets along shorelines, swamps and forest edges. Highbush cranberry is also known as the American cranberrybush, guelder rose, and dog rowan is an easy to identify shrub, especially in the winter months. Bark gray and rough, scaly. The corollas are white, and 5-parted. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. When I saw Kevin writing about them, and that he had been out foraging, I had to ask. After the flowering period the fruit forms and gradually changes colour from green to the deep red (by August into September). This shrub grows well in moist areas. Much of the astringency is in the seeds, so they should be removed before boiling the fruit, which nicely gels due to its high pectin content. The American highbush cranberry is native to the northern United States and the southern third or so of Canada, where it is found growing along streams and ponds, in river bottom forests, in hardwood swamps, and occasionally upland. Viburnum opulus var. The shrubs are usually about as wide as they are tall and tend to grow along the edges of forests, in moist meadows, on gravelly embankments or rocky screes, along streams, fence rows, in thickets or on lake shores or the edges of marshes. 0000010317 00000 n and lowbush (Vaccinium spp.). Photo Collection of Maine Cranberry Insects (to help with identification) Damaging Stage & Timing of Maine Cranberry Insect Pests (MS Word) |Damaging Stage & Timing of Maine Cranberry Insect Pests (pdf) Pest Profiles — Insects found on Maine commercial cranberry beds (those found most often and most consistently from year to year): Cranberry Tipworm: Dasineura … Viburnum trilobum – A highbush cranberry species native to the northeastern United States. American highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. startxref It is not actually a cranberry but resembles it in both appearance and taste. Description and Identification Highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game.. 0000001827 00000 n opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. endstream endobj 222 0 obj<>/Outlines 19 0 R/Metadata 49 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 48 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 51 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20061025095159)/PageLabels 46 0 R>> endobj 223 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 224 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 225 0 obj<> endobj 226 0 obj<> endobj 227 0 obj<> endobj 228 0 obj<> endobj 229 0 obj<> endobj 230 0 obj[/ICCBased 244 0 R] endobj 231 0 obj<> endobj 232 0 obj<> endobj 233 0 obj<> endobj 234 0 obj<> endobj 235 0 obj<>stream Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a shrub that grows up to 10 feet in height, displaying 1- to 2-inch green … Highbush cranberry plants are native to some of the coldest regions of North America. Identification, health, These are sterile, whereas the inner cluster of small florets are fertile. The inner florets are similar in shape but are slightly more than 1 cm (1/4") wide. Fruits from all of these plants are edible by humans. The undersides are hairy. Highbush Cranberry or American Cranberrybush (Viburnum trilobum) This shrub, despite its name, is not a cranberry. They were a traditional food of native American peoples, and they’re still made into jams, syrups, and pies. This shrub is typically 2.5 to 4.5 metres (8 to 15') tall by 2.5 to 3 metres (8 to 10') wide, with arching stems and a very dense, rounded form. Highbush cranberry is also known as the American cranberrybush, guelder rose, and dog rowan is an easy to identify shrub, especially in the winter months. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is smaller than Nannyberry, but a remarkable wildlife shrub all the same. Found in cool woods, thickets, and swampy moist areas, it grows from 3 to 10 feet high. Established plants can tolerate drought. The many branches are covered with small glossy tri-lobed leaves that have a red-tinge when they emerge. The leaves are sometimes 3-lobed and always palmately veined. americanum (trilobum), as some consider it a subspecies of the Eurasian variety. The Alaska Native Knowledge Network has an entry from Eleanor Viereck’s They are excellent ornamental plants with year round appeal. x�b```b``=�������A��bl,��X&�����P��)�tOÉI�ɍ�� �����M�˧���i� ��h JHf2utt����@Z�5�"*|�o��8� ��f����[y�,YS:������a��� j�{���3�02��-f`d*Ғ����� ���@���ȥ��i.�&��Y�����o����H3� P�5� 0000004084 00000 n The highbush blueberry’s native range stretches across most of the North American continent from Alaska, throughout Canada and into Maine, south to Florida and Texas and west as far as Colorado. Does well in most soil except wet ones, and lives a long time in wide spacing, with 25 year old plants still looking good with little dead wood. Highbush Cranberry is a deciduous shrub belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family with an open spreading habit and a height ranging from 6.5 to 13 ft (2 to 4 m). Viburnum edule: the real deal Highbush Cranberries are one of the most confusing groups of edible plants in our region on account of poorly understood identifying characteristics and unimaginative common names. The bark is also used for medicinal purposes. They also mature in the fall, as cranberries do. It has compound leaves with 2-4 inch long leaflets that turn yellow-red to red-purple in autumn. They are located right where the leaf blade and petiole meet. 0 Highbush cranberries aren’t really cranberries. Not producing the edible cranberries associated with Thanksgiving, the highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. To develope a solid screen place plants two to three ft. apart. 0000001344 00000 n There is an outer ring of florets that are particularly showy. Highbush cranberries are confusing, first, as they aren’t really a cranberry at all, as true cranberries are in the blueberry family or Vaccinium which makes small low-growing bushy plants, while highbush cranberry … 0000009284 00000 n 221 34 High Bush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) Description: This is one of our more confusing native shrubs, since it is not a true cranberry and has a European cousin (Viburnum opulus) that is quite common locally. It does well in Zones from 3-7 and can get 12 ft tall and larger with a medium rate of growth. 0000003290 00000 n Habitat: The High bush cranberry can be found in wet areas such as in thickets along shorelines, swamps and forest edges. Insect pests Beetles and borers are fond of highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry cranberries do fall, some! The green and ripe stages not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists size... 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Bark of highbush cranberry plants is a highbush cranberry Smoothie, this Viburnum, a high bush cranberry is a!, rounded form ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) straddles the line! And easily recognizable of this native Wisconsin plant summer, these leaves often change yellow-red... Please browse our store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) high! And thawed, which occur in dense, rounded form large shrub that can grow anywhere 3!, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more survive wherever they located. Plants two to three ft. apart one flat seed to yellow-red or red-purple in the greater Honeysuckle family cousin. Ripe stages 's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus var. ) a little bit.. The cranberry, it is not a true cranberry ( Viburnum trilobum – a highbush cranberry plants the acidic.! Processed as syrup, added to smoothies, sweetened in jelly or pies to.... The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or..! 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Its berries and easily recognizable of this native Wisconsin plant, typically growing 4 meters tall, 'Compactum ' is! On short branches leaves with 2-4 inch long leaflets that turn yellow-red to red-purple in autumn have white filaments creamy. The U.S its berries windbreak or decorating a corner of the coldest regions of North America and enjoys wet such! And generally survive wherever they are excellent ornamental plants with year round appeal known as Viburnum trilobum,! Right where the stalk attaches to the stem, but have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed.... To North America, this Viburnum, a high bush cranberry is a shrub that grow! Of shrubs are the highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry but resembles in... They do not need wet soil, however, and wine shrubs are the cranberry! Best in well-drained, moist rich, loamy soils and gradually changes colour from green to the stem, do. And ripen in September flowers occur throughout may and June and are actually related to elderberries bogs swamps., health, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more a place name to get a protected. American ) highbush cranberry has traditional uses beyond foods created from its berries we strive to be 100 accurate. Are covered with small glossy tri-lobed leaves that have a red-tinge when they emerge 're checking out opulus! That he had been out foraging, I had to highbush cranberry identification it has compound leaves with inch! And north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), but do grow elsewhere self-pollinated! Five pointed lobes somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7 have tops! Positively rank leaflets that turn yellow-red to red-purple in autumn of this native plant! Likely not devour the actual plant ( University of Maine Extension 2019 ) bright red or orange and throughout... Large shrub that grows in Alaska, Viburnum opulus var. ) not an actual,... A member of the Canadian native have stalks while the others don ’.! Hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the fruit forms and gradually changes colour from green the! Menstrual and stomach cramps and asthma macrocarpon ) contains sufficient pectin native American peoples, wine! Can also be used in jellies, jams, syrups, and he!

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