laodicea water supply

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. The water came from about six miles south of the city. Revelation 3 is making a contrast, not a comment on he city’s water supply? Laodicea lacked its own water supply, and its solution was inadequate: water flowing in by aqueduct arrived tepid and contaminated by minerals. Lukewarm water is an emetic, which is a nice way of saying it makes you vomit. . See Laodicea from the Revelation study for details about this passage. Being down in the valley, they had difficulty getting water in Laodicea. . The city of Laodicea had tremendous wealth but yet they had terrible water and a poor supply system Six miles north in the city of Hierapolis were famous hot springs. The water supply for the city came from hot mineral springs about five miles from the city. Craig Koester (Revelation) doesn’t think this works. Like Like. The water supply in Laodicea was almost undrinkable, and this is used by Christ as a metaphor for the quality of their Christian works: No healing qualities like the hot water that originated in Hierapolis. (For what it’s worth, Koester doesn’t think the “eye salve” Jesus offers is a local reference either. The location would seemingly be ideal were it not for the city’s vulnerable water supply. What then? This valley was a primary trade route between the cultures of the West and East. You see, in spite of all of the glory of the city of Laodicea, it had one major weakness. Cadmus. They did have one inadequacy, however—their water supply. This isn’t about half-hearted people. Like the church at Sardis, Laodicea had been bitten by the bug of complacency. Water conveyed to Laodicea through these pipes was tepid by the time it reached the city. It was a pipe system. . A famous medical center noted for its treatments of the eyes and ears was also located in this town. The rivers were easy to symbolize on coins; their names, Lycus (Λύκος) and Caprus (κάπρος) mean wolf and boar, respectively, in Greek. Laodicea was one of Revelation's seven churches who received a spiritual evaluation directly from Jesus Christ. Water from the hot springs of Hierapolis was piped via aqueduct to Laodicea, however by the time the water arrived it was insipid and tepid. Both types of water would be beneficial” (337). Laodicea was founded between 261 and 246 BC near city of Colossae. Unlike the nearby city of Hierapolis, with its hot springs famed for their healing properties, and Colossae, with its refreshing cold water, Laodicea had no permanent water supply. • This metaphor comes from the water supply of the city. They imported water from two other cities: Hierapolis (about 6 miles south) and Colossae, about 10 miles east. A donor named Hedychrous gave his name to part of the first-century water system of the city. As a result, they were indifferent to social issues. He also insults them by calling them poor, blind, and naked -- the exact opposite of what they were known for in the world. Still, nowadays, the church is most famous as the 7th Church of Revelation. One historian, Ramsay, describes Laodicea as a city of no extremes; a city that had no peculiar characteristics unless this lack of character was its character. Revelation 3 is making a contrast, not a comment on he city’s water supply? An aqueduct brought to water fit for consumption. Nine miles to the east of Laodicea lay the town of Colossae. ... which speaks to the picture of worthless “lukewarm” water in John’s writing to the church there: The water traveled to a 16 foot tall water tower for distribution across the city. "The lukewarmness for which, thanks to this letter, the name of Laodicea has become proverbial, may reflect the condition of the city's water supply. The Laodiceans built an aqueduct to bring cold water down from the mountains. The church thought of itself as rich and in need of nothing from Christ. The naturally warm water from these springs has been channeled to nearby towns since ancient times, and it is believed that Laodicea may also have received these waters. D. Thousands of people visited Hierapolis to bathe in the spas and drink the water due to the claims that the water had medicinal benefits. , even though the aqueduct actually comes in from the south. Jesus rebukes the complacent church for not offering life or healing to its community. Jimmy; March 16, … Smyrna was supposed to have died and risen, yet that imagery would have been even more appropriate for Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea, all of which were rebuilt following earthquakes during the early imperial period” (233). A fourth- or fifth-century inscription refers to a Laodicean fountain house that supplied ‘sweet clear water ’. Laodicea’s water supply was also relevant to the message in this letter as the water had to travel several miles through an underground aqueduct before reaching the city. However, in contrast, there was one major weakness of this city. It was a centre for fine wool, ointments, banking, among other things. The warm, sulphur water was nauseating to the taste and smell. but an essential resource that enabled the city to thrive. As such, they needed water transported in through aqueducts from a spring six miles away. dependent on a description of the city's water supply it may be ... Laodicea), or whether they were shipped lukewarm water that, because it was neither warm enough nor cold enough, could not be used for drinking, gardening, or washing, the result is the same. The major weakness of Laodicea was its lack of a water supply. . Moreover, the excavations in the area of the northern necropolis of Laodicea have demonstrated that the settlement had already existed in this location before the foundation of the … That fits with the overall imagery of the message to Laodicea, which ends with an explicit reference to a banquet. Although it had earlier been called Diospolis and then Rhoas, Antiochus II of Syria “named it for his wife Laodike” and “populated it with Syrians and with Jews who were transplanted from Babylonia to the cities of Phrygia and Lydia” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia… . The water apparently came either from hot springs or cooler sources. In terms of natural resources, Laodicea had one major problem… water supply. It is located about 8 kilometres south of Laodicea and continues to serve the residents of nearby Denizli as a source of drinking water. These rivers provided the water the crops and flocks needed in the Lycos valley. However we noticed that there are intricate piping systems throughout the city. There are seven letters, starting in chapter 2 and ending at the end of chapter 3. Even when they don’t leave Him outside the door knocking to get in, they haven’t been good hosts. This need was met by bringing water six miles north from Denizli through a system of stone pipes (another sign of Laodicea's wealth). not to persons alone, but also to the city's water-supply that was actually of a lukewarm temperature, this being suggestive of the spiritual condition of its Christian church. Laodicea earned its wealth in the textile industry in the production of black wool and in the banking industry. Laodicea depended on water from the neighboring city of Hierapolis located ten kilometers (six miles) to the north. More driven by trade, its builders located it where the roads crossed. Since at least the early 20th century, commentators have claimed that the messages to the seven churches in Revelation 2–3 are packed with local allusions that the recipients would have recognized (see, for instance, W.M. In fact, visitors praised the quality of Laodicean water: The Laodiceans are unlike the hot or cold drink that a banqueter might desire. More driven by trade, its builders located it where the roads crossed. It was neither hot nor cold. There are seven letters, starting in chapter 2 and ending at the end of chapter 3. Laodicea is located in the Lycus River Valley of western Asia Minor, near the influential, ancient cities of Hierapolis and Colossae. The works of a Christian which come about through gospel transformation should exert a healing and restorative influence. Laodicea had access to water from two rivers and two springs, the main one located five miles south of the city. A series of dictionary and encyclopedia articles on Laodicea can be found at NetBible. However, the city had much in its favor, and of special note were its three main industries. The eye salve was called … This presented a problem not only because of the potential for the spring to dry up but also because an enemy could discover the underground aqueducts and cut off their supply. It was by far the wealthiest of the seven churches mentioned in Revelation, and is in complete ruins today. Since his name meant ‘sweet complexioned,’ he created a wordplay that emphasized the pleasing quality of the ‘sweet-complexioned’ water being brought to the city. This is Apostel John’s letter to the Church in Laodicea, as it is on display at the church: “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation. D. Thousands of people visited Hierapolis to bathe in the spas and drink the water due to the claims that the water had medicinal benefits. 6. An article in the Hurriyet Daily News says the city’s water supply is still controlled 1,900 years later. This need was met by bringing water six miles north from Denizli through a system of stone pipes (another sign of Laodicea's wealth)" (Holman Bible Dictionary, 1994, Parson's Technology, "Laodicea"). Unraveling Revelation: Laodicea – The Nauseating Church. So, it had to have its water pumped in from nearby Colossae or Hierapolis. Laodicea is situated on the long spur of a hill between the narrow valleys of the small rivers Asopus and Caprus, which discharge their waters into the Lycus.The town was originally called Diospolis, "City of Zeus", and afterwards Rhodas. The Laodiceans built an aqueduct to bring cold water down from the mountains. Destroyed by earthquake in 60 AD. Tragic, indeed! This is about water. Like Like. Therefore, the water arrived foul, dirty, and tepid – lukewarm, just like the people in the church. This need was met by bringing water six miles north from Denizli through a system of stone pipes (another sign of Laodicea's wealth)" (Holman Bible Dictionary, 1994, Parson's Technology, "Laodicea"). When a guest arrived, his host might offer him wine chilled with snow, or wine mixed with warmed water. The Laodiceans produced a glossy, black wool that was prized by the wealthy all over the world. Laodicea A city near Colossae and Hierapolis. . Remember that on a separate page there are common notes for the seven messages. Unfortunately, Laodicea was not established near an adequate water supply. Still, nowadays, the church is most famous as the 7th Church of Revelation. The Laodiceans produced a glossy, black wool that was prized by the wealthy all over the world. In short, “The Laodiceans are unlike the hot or cold drink that a banqueter might desire. And lukewarm water is … A Prosperous Economy. A water supply is, of course, the lifeblood of any ancient city, and the importance of these two rivers is emphasized on many coins issued by the city over a period of centuries. Laodicea, because it lacked its own water supply, had to have it transported from the nearby city of Hierapolis. For all its wealth, Laodicea lacked its own water supply, so it imported water from the south through a six-mile-long aqueduct. What is in view here is Laodicea’s spiritual pride and complacency. It had no adequate water supply. … The excavations conducted in Laodicea and its immediate neighbourhood have shown that the oldest traces of human activity in the area can be dated to the period of the Late Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze Age periods, i.e. The water flowed towards Laodicea and spilled over a mile long cliff that dropped the hot water 300 feet down onto the level of Laodicea. The warm, sulphur water was nauseating to the taste and smell. This valley was a primary trade route between the cultures of the West and East. To make their theory work, some interpreters imagine that Laodicea’s water originated at the hot springs of Hierapolis northwest of Laodicea. Water … Laodicea’s water supply was like that of other cities—and water from aqueducts was considered good to drink. o Colosse was known for its cold refreshing mountain stream. It was never much of a fortress, due to the vulnerability of the water supply, ” which came principally by a vulnerable aqueduct from springs six miles away to the north in the direction of Hieropolis … Laodicea could hardly stand a determined siege.” Laodicea was a banking center with a great deal of wealth. Reply. Because these people had retired, they concluded they had served their purpose and had reached their goal. . Second, it was not as though Laodicea had no water supply or even a bad one (how could a Roman city flourish without a good water Supply?) Water from this source has high mineral content. Laodicea was a wealthy city during the Roman period. Small city until after the Roman period began: then rapidly became great and rich, the center of banking and financial transactions. It is a fair guess that this was the dried mud of the Hierapolis thermal springs, which could be mixed with water to form a kaolin poultice, an effective remedy for inflammation.5 But the major weakness of Laodicean city is its lack of water supply. . However, its greatest weakness was its dependence on an outsourced water supply. Represents the “Christian church” of our own time. Like Like. Aqueducts were used in or around all of the cities in Revelation. In modern engineering, the term aqueduct is used for any system of pipes, ditches, canals, tunnels, and other structures used for this purpose. Others suppose that the source lying south of the city might have been a hot spring and that the water became tepid by the time it reached Laodicea . The Laodiceans produced a glossy, black wool that was prized by the wealthy all over the world. Down in the valley where the Lycus River joins the Maeander River, there are hot springs. , but studies of the water system do not bear this out. Laodicea was known as a place where the water supply, which came to the town through six miles of aqueduct, was neither hot nor cold, which is how Jesus described that city’s church. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Today, we look at the final letter, the letter to the church at Laodicea. The judgment against this church is that they are LUKEWARM (v. 15).The water supply to Laodicea came from a hot spring so the water in the city was indeed LUKEWARM (tepid).In this case, of course, it is the spiritual condition of the church that is being described.Rather than denying Christ, they made an empty profession.According to verse 16, this is nauseating to God. Revelation’s imagery focuses on what was used for drinking—taken into the mouth—yet the hot water at Hierapolis was not valued for drinking but for bathing and dying fabric. They are tepid, objectionable, and something to be vomited out of the mouth”, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. From a considerable distance away, water had to be piped to Laodicea and likely was lukewarm on reaching the city. A series of dictionary and encyclopedia articles on Laodicea can be found at NetBible. . Questions and Answers regarding Revelation. Laodicea was known as a place where the water supply, which came to the town through six miles of aqueduct, was neither hot nor cold, which is how Jesus described that city’s church. No refreshment like the cold water that originated in Colosse. Koester suggests that the imagery has to do with hospitality. Laodicea was the secular capital of western Asia and renowned for its prosperity. . Church and ministry leadership resources to better equip, train and provide ideas for today's church and ministry leaders, like you. . In fact, visitors praised the quality of Laodicean water: “Laodicea’s water was of good quality. 1 Laodicea received its water through an aqueduct coming from a spring four miles to the south. Both the cold water imported from Colossae and the hot water imported from Hierapolis would be lukewarm by the time it was piped to Laodicea. Underground piping in Laodicea. Laodicea’s water was piped in via an aqueduct, from 6 miles away. And lukewarm water is not very good. the Main Spring). About 6 miles to the north of Laodicea was Hierapolis that had healthy hot springs, and about 11 miles east was Colossae that had cold springs that were clean and refreshing to drink from. 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